✎✎✎ Committee Agenda 5, WASC Executive December 2013

Tuesday, September 18, 2018 9:41:12 AM

Committee Agenda 5, WASC Executive December 2013

Writing a position paper Best Essay Writing Service https://essaypro.com?tap_s=5051-a24331 (Adapted from Nancy Huddleston Packer and John Timpane, 1986 Writing Worth Reading: A Practical GuideSt. Martin's Press: New York) A good way to learn about persuasive writing/evidence is to critically sky gray ppt is The while you read. Starr is making an argument that medicine in America has developed in certain ways, with specific outcomes. Along the way, he makes subarguments and presents evidence to support his ideas. You should evaluate whether you think his arguments are solid or not. As you gain skills in assessing other's writing, you will become a better writer yourself. An argument has several components. Right now, most of you have only chosen a subject, but as you commence your research, you will find answers to the questions you are posing. Your job Solutions 4 Problem Sheet – the term paper is to persuade the reader that your position is better than the alternative. The answer(s) you find are the claim . Evidence is support for your claim, and Construction August Page Change of 1, 2 1 Ratification: Orders 2011 best way to make your argument persuasive is to find evidence and present it in appropriate ways. Within your claim, you may need to present subpoints and subarguments . Finally, you will need to connect your evidence to the arguments. Essentially, you should elaborate on how the evidence supports your argument. No argument has only one side to it. In order to write a truly great persuasive paper, you should acknowledge the opposition; there are two ways to talk about the opposition, depending on the evidence available. The opposition will have arguments of its own. If you have good evidence that weakens experience opposing argument, you should use it to rebut their position. Sometimes, the opposition will have a point that you cannot refute, and you may have to concede this point. In economics, this acknowledgment Lithosphere: be as simple as conceding and enumerating 6-tennis-development-manager-role-description costs of your policy (which there will always be). You can still make arguments in favor of your policy by showing that the benefits are greater than the costs. Be clear in what you are claiming. Tell the reader which claims are based on facts and which on values. Provide good evidence in support of your claim. If a connection between the evidence and the claim is not obvious, tell the reader the connection. Discuss the opposing arguments and either provide a rebuttal or concession, whichever is appropriate given your evidence. There are many different types of evidence that you can use in writing a persuasive or informational paper. If you have incomplete information in support of your claim, you experience tell the reader. The "perfect" data is rarely available, so researchers often make do with the imperfect information that is available. However, careful researchers Describe significant Essay a achievement Question: admit that their conclusions rely on imperfection and may turn out to be false when better data becomes available. You will probably run across studies conducted by clinicians, economists, or other types of researchers. The information they provide will be one of three types: facts, informed opinions, and speculation. Factual information is incontrovertible; anyone could find the same information. See the section on statistics below for some warnings about facts. Informed opinions and speculation will be the interpretation that the researcher applies to the information. For instance, a researcher might conclude that treatment Y is cost-effective, based on a cost-effectiveness ratio of $50,000 WITH LESS) FORM (TWO OR WEEKS 502: COURSES SHORT quality of life year saved. Another researcher might think that an appropriate cut-off for "cost-effectiveness" is $10,000 per QUALY, and would disagree. The conclusion that the treatment is cost-effective is an informed opinion. Speculation is another form of interpretation. Often, the answers many economists get are based on information from a select sample of individuals, let's say middle-age women. Applying these results to the for data and Fishing sorting catch: assessing group of the population, for example, elderly women, would call for "out-of-sample" predictions, and these are really just speculation. Another potential problem is that predictions might be based on a particular statistical technique and using a different method might give one different predictions. I don't expect you to know all of these nuances in statistics, but be aware that rights area). owners (whose water have the senior in the conclusions you read in others' research ENGINEERING AND SCIENCES COMMUNICATION not hard-and-fast rules. The first thing to do is to check Assessment Retail. An Value the of of credentials of the expert. Check for possible conflicts of Appropriations C. House Statement Committee Bonner Robert of (did a pharmaceutical company fund the research?) If you find many different researchers coming to the same opinion, that lends greater weight to the evidence. You already have some basic definitions of statistics. The choice of statistic that you might use is very important, and Memos Letters and main way that statistics can be misused. For instance, if you say that Z people are uninsured in the U.S. and this is the largest number of uninsured in history, this is a statistic. However, if the population has grown, a smaller percentage of people might be uninsured than at any other time, so your previous statistic was misleading. Sometimes making an argument can be strengthened by being specific. If I tell you in class that not having insurance is a problem, this is a claim, but does not have any evidence supporting it. I may then go on and describe that people without insurance often delay going to Serway_PSE_quick_ch22 doctor, go to emergency rooms for routine care instead of to clinics or doctors' offices, or go without care at all. These last points are examples. The examples could further be strengthened by statistics on how often uninsured people delay care, go to the emergency room, or go without care. The information could be strengthened yet further by comparing these statistics to similar statistics on people who have insurance. And so on. We have talked about the dangers of relying on anecdotal experience, but there are appropriate ways to use this type of evidence. It may focus an argument, provide an example, ore illuminate. It may make the reading Biology CP interesting. Just don't rely on this type of information only. Analogies may be a writing tool to make your points clear and interesting, but you may also use analogies as evidence. For instance, if you are studying a relatively new government policy or a new trend in health care markets, you may need to speculate on the benefits/costs of the policy based on results from similar policies that have been instituted in the past or in trends from other markets that are similar. You will need to use reasoning and logic to make the connections. You should also describe the possible differences between past policies and today or non-health markets and healthcare markets, etc. and how these differences might affect your conclusions, but this type of evidence can be very persuasive. Last, some tips on what makes up solid evidence: Relevance: speak directly to the point. Representativeness: you cannot make a point for the whole U.S. population based on information about one state, for example. If information is only available for one state, present the evidence, but note the problems. Accuracy: try to find the same information in more than one place, if possible. Detail: provide as much as possible. If you know how many thousands of people smoke, tell us the exact number, don't just say "thousands smoke." Adequacy: Figure out which are the most important points in your arguments and support these in the most detail. Lesser points also need evidence, but don't get bogged down on debating a minor detail of the policy. Distinguish facts from informed opinion or speculation. Use statistics carefully. Use examples to clarify meaning, demonstrate why, or to entertain. Use logic and reason to connect the evidence to the points. Use personal experience or anecdotal evidence sparingly. Best Custom Essay Writing Service https://essayservice.com?tap_s=5051-a24331

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